This information distills the insights of experienced teachers, early childhood educators, parents and social researchers on early learning and aggression and outlines some general approaches that parents and other caregivers can use to teach appropriate behaviour, emotional recognition and control, and social interaction skills that support healthy relationships. If you are reading this information because you are concerned about your child’s aggression, please see a professional, such as a public health nurse, doctor, psychologist or social worker.
Until recently, the word “bully” often conjured up images of sullen, physically aggressive boys with social problems and low self-esteem. While this type of individual who engages in bullying behaviour does exist, reality is much more complicated. Many individuals who bully resort to hidden, indirect social aggression to harm others. They often have well-developed social skills, high self-esteem, and are masters at manipulating adults in order to appear innocent.
What is it we want children and youth to learn through our discipline practices? How do we encourage the young people in our lives to do the right thing because it is the right thing to do? How do we teach children and youth to take responsibility and be accountable for their actions and their words?
Understanding the unique and diverse histories and worldviews of First Nations, Métis and Inuit students will help teachers create more responsive and welcoming learning environments.
One of the most important aspects of creating welcoming, caring, respectful and safe environments for children and youth is the protecting and honouring of human rights.
Canada is a pluralist society with a diversity of religions and spiritual practices. Because schools are microcosms of society, issues related to religious beliefs and practices can emerge there, too. Dealing with these issues is especially challenging when students are ridiculed, harassed or bullied because of their religion.
Throughout Canada’s history, immigrants from around the world have come to Canada seeking religious freedom, economic prosperity and escape from political persecution, civil strife and even war. Regardless of why people are here and whether they are recent newcomers or longtime citizens, their children need to succeed in school. This means providing welcoming, safe, caring and respectful learning environments that build understanding, promote inclusion and empathy and foster respect for everyone.
Bullying is a repeated pattern of unprovoked, deliberate and aggressive physical or verbal behaviour, marked by an imbalance of power and intent or threat to harm. Bullying is therefore a relationship problem. It is about power and the abuse of power. Bullying is always unwanted, unwelcome and uncomfortable to the person who is bullied.