What is Bullying?

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Helping or encouraging someone to bully another person is also bullying.

Verbal bullying may include taunting, name calling, sarcasm, gossiping, teasing, threatening, or negative comments about a person’s culture, race, ethnicity, religion, gender or sexual orientation.

Physical bullying may include hitting, pinching, chasing, shoving, coercing or unwanted sexual touching.

Social bullying (sometimes called relational aggression) may include leaving someone out on purpose, telling others not to be friends with someone, spreading rumours about someone, or embarrassing someone in public.

Cyberbullying includes the use of email, text messages, social media and Internet sites to embarrass, socially exclude, or damage reputations or friendships in a deliberate, repeated and hostile way.

Two things make bullying different from bugging. The first difference is negative intent. What makes bullying different from everyday conflict is that those who bully deliberately cause repeated and deliberate hurt, either physical, social or psychological.

The second difference is that there is always an imbalance of power. It may be physical stature, peer position or personality traits, such as aggressive versus passive characteristics. One or more students act as the aggressor(s), and the person who is bullied does not have the skills to cope with the aggression.