Ensure the school’s code of conduct addresses bullying behaviour directly and clearly describes how the school will respond. Consider identifying a key person at the school for parents to contact when bullying behaviour is an issue. Speak to the parents of the student who has been bullied and the student who is engaging in bullying behaviour separately. Use clear and … Read More
It is important to understand that students who engage in bullying behaviour need support just as much as those who are bullied. This can sometimes mean moving from a punishment approach to a problem-solving approach. In the problem-solving approach, the student becomes part of the solution. Instead of punishing negative behaviour, the goal is for the student to learn a … Read More
Recognizing the crucial role of bystanders in bullying is essential. Those who witness bullying and harassment have the most power to stop it. On the other hand, students who witness bullying and do nothing to stop it become desensitized to the harm that it causes and the cycle of bullying and harassment continues. It is therefore essential to create a … Read More
Research shows that adult intervention is the single most effective way to stop bullying behaviour. Adult visibility within the school has also shown to be effective. Ensure that school staff members are visible in and around the school, particularly during unstructured times such as before class, breaks and over the lunch hour. Encourage students to report bullying and harassment and … Read More
Through years of research, program development, implementation and evaluation, we know that the projects that have the greatest impact on young people are the ones that actively engage them in creating positive changes in their lives. This is particularly important when working with older youth. Youth Action projects help youth:
• decide what is important to them
• decide what impact they would like to have on their schools and communities
• take initiative to have a positive influence on their world.
Animals play important roles in all our lives, and children especially seem to have a natural affinity for animals. The nature of their relationships with animals and the natural world are important in shaping their overall attitudes and beliefs. Encouraging positive relationships with other living beings and our common home—the Earth—is the aim of Humane Education.
Traditionally, education was seen as playing an important role in developing loyal and dutiful citizens. As our understanding of citizenship expands to address issues such as human rights, globalization, language, nationalism, equality, multiculturalism and pluralism, citizenship education is becoming more centred on the concept of inclusion and respect for diversity. This is an important element in creating welcoming, caring, respectful and safe learning environments.
Holding class meetings can be an effective way to promote a safe and caring learning environment because it can be used to decrease school discipline problems. This democratic problem-solving approach serves to enhance responsible behaviour. Teachers will need to adapt the strategies and examples provided to make them best suited for the students they are working with. The class meeting approach has been used successfully with students from primary grades through to high school.
Cognitive and neuroscientists agree – there is a link between threat and other forms of violence and impaired brain functioning. Strong emotions triggered by emotions, such as anxiety or fear, can create what educational researcher Daniel Goleman calls “neural static”, and can sabotage the functioning of the brain’s prefrontal lobes where reasoning and higher-level thinking take place. According to Goleman, “… continual emotional distress can create deficits in a child’s intellectual abilities, crippling the capacity to learn.”
Two-Spirit people have a long history among Indigenous people across Canada. Before first contact with European colonizers, most Indigenous people recognized the importance of Two-Spirit individuals and the special responsibility bestowed on them by the Creator. At the time they were considered visionaries, healers, medicine people and leaders of their communities. Two-Spirit people were respected as equal and vital members of Indigenous societies. There are individuals documented in history, great women who took wives and carried the bow, and men carrying out duties usually assigned to women.